What Food Group Are Eggs in and Why Is Considered Dairy?

What Food Group Are Eggs in and Why Is Considered Dairy?

From childhood, we were told that eggs are an excellent source of protein, minerals, and vitamins and that consuming them would make us stronger. However, as we age, a cloud of uncertainty envelops our understanding. Are eggs dairy or meat? What food group are eggs in?

When you stroll into a supermarket, you seek out the essentials for a balanced diet. You head to the dairy section, only to be confronted by a display of eggs. But wait, aren’t dairy products derived from milk?

Why are eggs nestled among milk, butter, and cheese cartons? The paradox lingers, prompting us to delve deeper into the matter.

Here enters the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the authoritative voice on food classification. According to their guidelines, eggs are in the protein category alongside meaty counterparts like beef, poultry, and seafood. A seemingly straightforward answer, yet it raises more questions than it resolves.

Confusing, isn’t it?

Don’t worry, this article aims to clarify what food group are eggs in. We’ll trace the historical context and shed light on the cultural factors that have led to this perplexing classification. Let us explore everything about – eggs!

Are eggs dairy?

Our go-to breakfast meals include eggs, bread, milk, with accompaniments like butter and cheese. While milk, cheese, and butter are dairy products, do that make eggs dairy?

We have to first understand where this concept came from. Dairy products are anything that is made with milk sourced from livestock. While cow milk is most consumed, yak, sheep, goat, and camel milk are also common depending on regional availability.

All products made from milk, including raw milk freshly sourced from an animal are dairy. But eggs are not a part of this and they fall under the category of poultry items. Eggs are unhatched yolks used for human consumption and primarily sourced from ducks and hens.

Poultry and dairy are separate but people tend to often confuse the two. As grocery stores keep these items together sold for breakfast meals, we often confuse the two together.

Eggs are not dairy, but poultry. They might have the same storage location but they are distinct due to the nature of extraction. Mammals produce milk while birds produce eggs. Both are edible form of food, but have distinct qualities as per source.

Are eggs considered meat?

Eggs cannot be classified as meat since they differ in composition and purpose. Meat primarily refers to the muscle tissue of animals, occasionally including organ tissue.

On the other hand, an egg is a nutrient-rich container designed to nourish a developing embryo until it hatches. As eggs lack flesh or tissue, they do not fall within the meat category.

There is a widespread misconception that eggs contain an embryo or chicken fetus, which leads to the potential misclassification of meat. However, freshly laid eggs do not contain an embryo, and this is because most egg-laying chickens are not exposed to a rooster, resulting in non-fertilized eggs.

Adult hens typically lay an egg approximately every 24 hours for most of the year. However, if they have not mated with a rooster, the eggs will never be fertilized and, therefore, will never develop into chicks under any circumstances.

Eggs Are In What Food Group?

Here we are back to our basic question, if not dairy, not meat then what food group are eggs in? The answer is simple.

Eggs belong to the protein food group. While they are not classified as dairy or meat, eggs are considered a valuable source of high-quality protein.

In most dietary guidelines and nutritional frameworks, eggs are categorized alongside other protein-rich foods such as meat, poultry, fish, legumes, and nuts. These foods provide essential amino acids, the building blocks of protein necessary for various bodily functions.

Eggs offer a complete protein source, containing all nine essential amino acids the body requires. This makes them a valuable option for meeting the body’s protein needs. Additionally, eggs are also a good source of nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats, enhancing their nutritional value.

If eggs are protein, can vegans eat eggs?

Of course, not!

Vegans avoid consuming animal products, including eggs, as part of their lifestyle and ethical choices. While eggs are indeed a source of protein, they are derived from animals, specifically chickens or other birds.

Vegans typically rely on plant-based protein sources such as legumes (e.g., beans, lentils), tofu, tempeh, seitan, quinoa, nuts, and seeds to meet their protein needs. These alternatives provide ample protein without the ethical concerns associated with animal products.

Eggs are not suitable for a vegan diet. Still, other vegetarian diets, such as ovo-vegetarianism, include eggs but exclude other animal-derived products like meat and dairy.

Whether you follow a vegan or vegetarian diet is a personal decision based on your beliefs, values, and dietary needs. But eggs are not vegan.

Nutrition value of eggs

Along with proteins, eggs are a nutrient-dense food that provides several essential nutrients. Here is an overview of the nutritional value of a large egg (about 50 grams) that has been cooked without added fat:

  • Calories: Approximately 78 calories
  • Protein: About 6 grams of high-quality protein
  • Fat: Around 5 grams of total fat, including about 1.6 grams of saturated fat
  • Cholesterol: Roughly 186 milligrams of cholesterol
  • Carbohydrates: Less than 1 gram of carbohydrates
  • Vitamins: Eggs are a good source of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, and folate
  • Minerals: Eggs contain essential minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc
  • Antioxidants: Eggs provide antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin, which are beneficial for eye health

The nutritional composition of eggs can vary slightly depending on factors such as the size of the egg and the diet of the hen.

Additionally, different cooking methods or adding ingredients can impact the overall nutrient content of egg-based dishes.

How to consume eggs for a balanced diet?

We believe you got your answer for what food group are eggs in. The next question is how to consume eggs in a way that doesn’t harm your health.

Here we want you to remember that a balanced diet involves consuming various foods from different food groups in appropriate proportions. Incorporating eggs can contribute to meeting your protein needs, but it’s essential to complement them with other nutrient-rich foods for overall dietary balance.

You may follow these tips:

1. Consider portion sizes

A single large egg typically provides around 6 grams of protein. For most individuals, consuming 2-3 eggs per day can be a suitable portion size as part of a balanced diet. Adjust the quantity based on your specific dietary needs and preferences.

2. Cooking methods

Choose healthier cooking techniques like boiling, poaching, or baking as alternatives to frying. These methods minimize added fats and oils, lowering overall calorie content.

3. Pair with whole grains

Combine eggs with whole grain options like wheat toast or bread for added fiber and sustained energy. This pairing creates a satisfying and nourishing meal.

4. Include vegetables

Add vegetables to your egg dishes to increase their nutrient density and fiber content. Make omelets or scrambled eggs with vegetables such as spinach, bell peppers, mushrooms, or onions.

5. Explore egg-based meals

Eggs can be the main ingredient in meals like frittatas, quiches, or egg-based casseroles. Incorporate a variety of vegetables, herbs, and spices to enhance flavor and nutritional value.

6. Balanced breakfast

Start your day with a balanced breakfast by combining eggs with other food groups. For example, have a veggie omelet with whole grain toast and a side of fresh fruit.

What Food Group Are Eggs In

7. Be mindful of other ingredients

Pay attention to the additional ingredients used when cooking or preparing eggs. Minimize high-fat or high-sodium condiments, and opt for healthier alternatives when possible.

8. Individualize based on dietary needs

Adjust the consumption of eggs based on any dietary restrictions, allergies, or recommendations from healthcare professionals.

Egg terminology

Understanding what food group are eggs in is the first step. Next, you can explore egg terminology for detailed knowledge. Here is the classification:

Shell eggs

These are uncracked and unprocessed eggs commonly found in grocery stores and markets.


Eggs that are classified based on quality, appearance, and shell condition, with grades like AA, A, or B indicating varying levels of quality.


You can also find eggs categorized according to sizes such as small, medium, large, extra-large, and jumbo based on weight per dozen.


The Eggs raised from hens organically fed without synthetic pesticides, GMOs, animal by-products, antibiotics, or hormones are called organic eggs.


Eggs from hens with access to outdoor areas, allowing them to roam and forage and access to a barn or coop.


These are eggs from hens not confined to cages, though they may still be raised indoors in barns or structures.


Eggs from hens with ample access to outdoor pastures, enabling them to graze on natural vegetation and insects.

Omega-3 enriched:

Sometimes, hen’s diet is supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids, resulting in higher omega-3 levels compared to regular eggs.

Brown vs. white eggs: Eggshell color is determined by the breed of the hen and doesn’t impact nutritional value; brown eggs do not differ nutritionally from white eggs.

Eggs in the food pyramid

As we already have the answer to what food group are eggs in, let us learn more about the place of eggs in the food pyramid.

Eggs are particularly valued in the Protein Foods group due to their high-quality protein content. They are a complete protein source, containing all the essential amino acids the body requires.

Eggs also provide other essential nutrients like vitamins A, D, E, and B vitamins and minerals such as iron and zinc.

It is recommended to include a variety of protein sources, including eggs, in your diet to meet your nutritional needs.

What Food Group Are Eggs In

Pros and cons of eating eggs

Indeed, eggs are considered a protein-rich food, but they still can cause adverse effects on your health if you don’t consume them properly. Here are some pros and cons before we conclude.

Pros of eating eggs

  • Excellent source of high-quality protein
  • Rich in essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin B12, vitamin D, and selenium
  • Contains healthy fats, such as omega-3 fatty acids
  • May help increase feelings of fullness and aid in weight management
  • Versatile ingredients in cooking, suitable for various dishes and recipes

Cons of eating eggs

  • High in cholesterol, so individuals with certain health conditions or predispositions may need to moderate their intake
  • Eggs are a common allergen, and some people may experience allergic reactions
  • Raw or undercooked eggs can potentially contain harmful bacteria like Salmonella, and proper cooking is essential to minimize the risk

What Food Group Are Eggs In

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are eggs considered in the food group?

Eggs are an excellent source of high-quality protein and fall in the food group of protein.

2. Do eggs contain cholesterol?

Yes, eggs contain cholesterol, but dietary cholesterol has less impact on blood cholesterol levels for most people than saturated and trans fats.

3. Can eggs be part of a weight management diet?

Yes, eggs can aid in weight management as they fill and help control appetite.

4. Can eating raw eggs pose a health risk?

Yes, consuming raw or undercooked eggs, such as Salmonella, carries a risk of bacterial contamination.

Final Thoughts

So, what are eggs in the food group? They are neither meat nor dairy. Instead, eggs belong to the protein food group and are also a valuable source of essential vitamins and minerals.

Additionally, eggs contain healthy fats and can contribute to feelings of satiety. However, it is important to consider certain drawbacks, such as their cholesterol content, the potential for allergies, and the risk of bacterial contamination when consuming raw or undercooked eggs.

Overall, incorporating eggs into your diet can be beneficial, but it’s important to be mindful of individual health considerations and to practice safe food handling and preparation.

Consulting with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian can provide personalized guidance on incorporating eggs or other food into a healthy and suitable diet.

So that now you know what food group are eggs in, please let us know if you have any more questions about the topic.

Share your thoughts...

Loading Facebook Comments ...