What is Propolis? Propolis is viscous resin which oozes from bark and buds of some trees like conifers. Honey Bees while collecting nectar also collect propolis in their pollen baskets. Honey Bees mix propolis with wax flakes secreted from their abdomen. This propolis, also known as Honey bee glue, is used to seal the interior of the hive cells which store honey or eggs. Studies are being carried out on health benefits of Propolis. Propolis acts as antiseptic or antibacterial agent and protects honey and eggs form various microbes, bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
What does Propolis contain? Honey Bees use resin from variety of trees and plants, hence Propolis differ in their chemical composition from place to place. Propolis is chemically complex substance. Along with hundreds of chemical compounds, it mainly contains flavonoids, terpenes, benzoic acids, caffeic acid, phenolics, cinnamic acids, aromatic oil and bee wax among others, which are responsible for its health benefits, mainly the anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties of Propolis or Honey bee glue.
Vitamin and Mineral Content of Propolis: In a paper presented at Leningrad Scientific Conference on the Application of Apiculture (bee culture) in Medicine, mentioned that Bee Glue or Propolis is rich in Vitamin A (carotene), Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, biotin, an array of bioflavonoids. Propolis contains nearly all known vitamins except Vitamin K. Propolis contains 500 more bioflavonoids (vitamin P) than what oranges contain. It contains all mineral required by the body including like Magnesium, Iron, Zinc, Silica, Potassium, Phosphorus, Cobalt and Copper among others.