Honeybees collect nectar from various flowers to make honey. They visit nearly 100-1500 flowers to gather 50-70mg of nectar, which is further processed to make honey.
Monofloral honey is a type of honey which is predominantly made from nectar of flowers of plants from same species. For example, Orange blossom honey is made from nectar of citrus plants. However, obtaining absolutely pure monofloral honey is difficult. Beekeepers in order to obtain monofloral honey require to keeps hives in an area which ahs only targeted flower species and require planning depending on blossoming period of the flowers. Monfloral honey seek premium price in the market due to its distinct color, taste, fragnance and its characteristics.
Some types of monofloral honey are Acacia honey, Alfalfa honey, Apple blossom honey, Avaocada honey, Basswood or Lime blossom honey, Buckwheat honey, cherry blossom honey, Chestnut honey, Clover honey, Eucalyptus honey, Firewood honey, Fir honey, Gallberry honey, Goldenrod honey, Hawthorn honey, Heather honey, Yemeni Sidr honey, Kamahi honey, Lavender honey, Lehua honey, Macadamia honey, Manuka Honey, Mesquite honey, Nodding Thistle honey, Orange blossom honey, Pine honey, Poplar honey, Rasberry honey, Rata Honey, Rewarewa honey, Rosemary honey, Saguaro honey, Sage honey, Sourwood honey, Sunflower honey, Tawari honey, Thyme Honey, Tupelo Honey, Ulmo honey and Viper’s Bugloss Honey among others.
Each flower puts its unique characteristic in monofloral honey. Even the medicinal and health value of monofloral honey depends on the type of flower. The Honey Research Center, University of Waikato, New Zealand is carrying research to establish impact of type of flowers on health beneficial properties of honey. Though the research is not concluding, there is some evidence that anti microbial properties and other health benefits vary depending on type of flower.